What Is Periodontal Disease?
The term periodontal is simply a technical term that refers to the gum tissue in the mouth. Technically, this term refers to all the structures that help keep the teeth in place, including the bone as well as the gum tissue. But when we talk about periodontal disease, we're usually talking about gum disease.
So what is gum disease? Gum disease is when the gums in the mouth become inflamed, red, and tender due to a chronic infection of bacteria.
Why Is the Bacteria in the Mouth Problematic for Gums?
Bacteria and humans generally live in a synergistic symbiotic relationship. We will always have bacteria on and in our bodies. The problem is what type of bacteria and how much. There is good bacteria and bad bacteria. The problem is when the bacteria starts to overgrow and take up residence in our gum tissue. This happens due to plaque and tartar, which feed the bacteria. The bacteria secrete acids that make the gums irritated and inflamed. Overtime, this can damage the gum tissue, leading to receding gums.